CISLAC explains Africa’s rising debt profile


Civil Society Legislative Advocacy Centre (CISLAC) says a major contributor to Africa’s rising public debt is the unprecedented influx of private lenders flooding developing economies looking for higher returns outside advanced economies.

Mr Auwal Rafsanjani, Executive Director, CISLAC, said this at a news conference in Abuja on Monday organised in collaboration with Christian Aid Nigeria on the Increasing Role of Private Creditors in Nigeria’s Debt Crisis and its Human Costs.

He said Nigeria’s debt was growing and increasingly putting the country in a precarious situation, adding that it had significant implications for human rights.

Rafsanjani said the situation also had implications on education, health, climate change, mitigation and adaption and these called for a collective action to address the debt crisis.

He said the past decade had seen the largest, fattest and most broad-based increase in debt in emerging and developing countries over the past 50 years.

He said the total debt in these areas has risen by 54 per cent points of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) to a holistic peak of almost 170 per cent of GDP in 2028.

“A major contributor to this increased public debt level is the unprecedented influx of private lenders flooding developing economies as they look for higher returns outside advanced economies.

“This is sequel to the global financial crisis of 2008.
“According to the Debt Management Office (DMO), Nigeria’s total public debt stock as of June 30, 2022 was N42.84trillion.

“It is instructive to recall that Nigeria’s debt service cost presently outweighs its revenue with clear signs of economic dangers ahead,” he said.

Rafsanjani said with refusal of private creditors to embrace debt relief initiatives, the Nigerian government would continue to spend a significant part of its budget to service loans.

He said this would come under stringent conditions including high interest rates, adding that it would drastically reduce due commitment to more critical socio-economic sectors like health and education.

Rafsanjani said in the Nigerian context, about 90 per cent revenue was devoted to debt serving at the expense of development projects.

He said the group was concerned with the lack of vigorous scrutiny and attention by lawmakers in granting requests for loans without reflecting the provisions of the Fiscal Responsibility Act and the greater implication for the nation economic state.

He said that the Nigerian legislators had the constitutional and legislative mandate to approve loan request only on the basis of public interest and should put this clause as a prerequisite to any approvals they might want to give.

Rafsanjani said the group had inaugurated a research product centred on revealing and challenging role of private creditors in hindering peoples recoveries to enhance the urgency with which the international community should address sovereign debt crisis.

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